Investors opt for futures trading to hedge investments and buy them at a predetermined price at an already decided specific date. According to the futures contract, the buyer must buy, and the seller must sell before the expiration date. This is just a rudimentary futures contract let us discuss more and understand the futures meaning and how it works.
The futures contract is a financial product that involves derivatives trading. A derivative is a financial contract whose value is determined basis the value of the underlying asset. As mentioned earlier future contracts are similar financial products which are contracts made between buyer ad seller where the buyer buys the derivative at the fixed price. Eventually, the contract price fluctuates relative to the fixed price of the trade and thus profit or loss is generated.
Future trading involves obligation which makes it mandatory for the buyer and seller to abide by the agreement and complete the trade on a predetermined date and price. The predetermined time I futures trading is called delivery date and the fixed price is called futures price. To become more familiar with futures meaning you need to understand the following points –
Now that you know what is future trading let us understand how to trade in the futures contract.
Futures trading is done basis the price movements rather than buying or selling a stock. Primarily the two types of participants involved in futures trading are the Hedgers and Speculators.
Speculators take risks while futures trading and make profits from the price fluctuations. Hedgers try to avoid risk, to protect themselves against price fluctuations.
You can either do future trading on your own or manage your account with the help of professionals also called commodity trading advisors. You can select a broker and start learning about the trading platform. You can develop trading strategies and have a proper plan before trading. Following are a few strategies you can use:
The buyer buys trade at the earlier decided price on a future date.
When the seller sells the trade at the predetermined price on a future date
In this strategy, the seller is obliged to sell however the buyer can exercise the option contract. The buyer usually practices this when the value of the stock has gone higher than the predetermined price.
The buyer can buy the trade at a predetermined price and the seller must agree to that price.
When a party sells and buys two contracts and the predetermined price of one of the contracts is higher than the other.
Similar to the above two option contracts are involved in this strategy. The strike price of the contract bought should be higher than the strike price of the contract sold.
These are few examples of future contract trading strategies. To make the concept of what is futures trading clearer lets us discuss how it differs from other financial products.
Primarily, the price of futures is dependent on another derivative, so it has no inherent value. The futures contract comes with an expiration date, which is not the case in other financial instruments.
In the case of stock, when you buy a stock it represents your share in a company that can be held for a long time. However, futures contracts have a predetermined period. Therefore, the timing factor in future trading is crucial.
To sum up we understand the meaning of Futures and we know it is an agreement made at a fixed price in the future. It is dependent on the direction of the stock’s price fluctuations. A futures buyer can make profits when the price rises while a seller makes profits when there is a fall in the stock price.
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